Keeping the “Distractions” out of the shot
Getting a shot that doesn’t have a great deal of distraction in the background is a good goal to try to attain. Sometimes it might be near impossible, or time restraints may make it difficult to achieve. Post Production can be a life saver. The example below shows the original photo and the finished product side by side. By adjusting color levels and contrast first, the subject (flower in this case) begins to stand out. In this case I duplicated the image, the upper layer became an “Overlay” at 50% opacity. I then added a “White” layer mask. Using a “Redial” gradient with White foreground and Black background colors and adding a Black background layer to bottom of the layer stack, you can end up with something like what you see here. That is how it can be tackled with your editing software.In other cases you can use a long lens or large “Aperture” and blur the background by shortening the “Depth of Field” or by “Panning” a moving subject making it less distracting. The rules of composition if you follow them can help with this.
- Rules of Composition
- An example of using “Masks” can be found here
- Digital Photography School has a great write-up on Depth of Field
- And here they have a write-up on Panning